Montesquieu
 

A list of the main sources referenced by Montesquieu

It will be noted that it is nor­mal for Montesquieu to refer to Greek texts in their Latin trans­la­tions.

Agathias Scholasticus (Greek, 530–593 CE), On the life and actions of Justinian

Annals of Metz (Annales Metenses), [Monumenta Germaniae his­to­rica, Scriptores 1].

Appian of Alexandria (Greek,2nd cen­tury CE), Civil Wars ; The Wars with Mithridates (Catalogue no.2810).

Aristotle, Politics ; Œco­no­mica ; “On mar­ve­lous things heard” (Catalogue nos. 1399, 2364, 2365)

Aulus Gellius (Roman, 2nd cen­tury CE), Noctes atti­cae (‘Attic nights’) (Catalogue no. 1822)

Baluze, Étienne (1630–1718), Regum fran­co­rum capi­tu­la­ria (‘Capitularies of the French kings’), 1677

Barbeyrac, Jean (1674–1744), Histoire des anciens trai­tés (‘History of ancient trea­ti­ses’), 1739 (Supplément, Catalogue no. 2366)

Beaumanoir, Philippe de (French, 13th cen­tury), Coutumes de Beauvaisis (‘Customs of the Beauvaisis’), 1283, first publi­shed in 1690

Bernard, Jean Frédéric (d. 1744), Recueil de voya­ges au nord (‘Collection of nor­thern voya­ges’) 10 vols., 1715–1738 (Catalogue, no. 2751)

Bernier, François (1620–1688), Voyage dans les États du Grand Mogol (‘Voyage to the Mogul Empire’), 1671 (Catalogue no. 2735)

Boutillier, Jean (d. 1395), Somme rural ou grand cou­tu­mier civil et canon enri­chi d’ordon­nan­ces et d’arrêts par Louis Charondas (‘The rural Summa or cus­toms and prac­tice civil and canon […]’)), first prin­ted in 1479 (edi­tion of 1603 : Catalogue no. 885)

Burnet, Gilbert (1643–1715), History of the Reformation of the Church of England, 1679

Capitularies, see Baluze.

Chardin, Jean (1643–1713), Voyages en Perse et autre lieux de l’Orient (‘Travels to Persia and other pla­ces in the Orient’), 1711 (Catalogue no. 2739 ; also avai­la­ble as .pdf on line)

Cicero : Pro Cluentio (‘In defense of Cluentius’ ; In Verrem (‘Against Verres’) ; Philippicæ ; De inven­tione (‘On the com­po­si­tion of argu­ments’) ; De legi­bus (‘On laws’) ; De offi­ciis (‘On duties’) ; De ora­tore ; De fini­bus bono­rum et malo­rum (‘On the ends of good and evil’) ; Brutus ; Epistolæ ad fami­lia­res (‘Letters to friends’) ; Epistolæ ad Atticum (‘Letters to Atticus’)

Codex legum anti­qua­rum in quo conti­nen­tur leges Wisigothorum, edic­tum Theodorici regis, lex Burgundiorum, lex salica, lex Allemannorum, lex Baivrasiorum, decre­tum Tassilionis ducis, lex Ripuariorum, lex Saxonum, Anglorum et Verinorum, Siriorum, Longobardorum, cons­ti­tu­tio­nes Siculæ sive Neapolitanæ, capi­tu­lare Caroli et Hludovici imp. for­mulæ solem­nes et glos­sa­rium vocum obs­cu­rio­rum ex bibl. Frid. Lindembrogi, Frankfurt : Johannem & Andream Marnios et al., 1613 (Catalogue no. 820 ; see also nos. 823, 824, 825) : Leges Alamannorum (‘Laws of the Alemanni’), 8th–12th cen­tu­ries ; Leges Burgundionum (‘Burgundian laws’), circa 500 CE ; Leges Langobardorum (‘Laws of the Lombards’), 7th–8th cen­tu­ries ; Leges Saxonum (‘Laws of the Saxons’), laws pro­mul­ga­ted by Charlemagne, 782–803 ; Lex Frisionum (‘Law of the Frisians’), 12th–13th cen­tu­ries Lex ribua­ria or Lois ripuai­res (‘Law of the Ribuarian Franks’ or ‘Ribuarian laws’), 7th cen­tury ; Lex salica (‘Salic law’), circa 500 CE ; Lex Visigothorum (‘Law of the Visigoths’), 7th cen­tury

Codex Theodosianus (‘Theodosian code’), named for Roman empe­ror Theodosius II, 438 CE

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (Byzantine empe­ror, 913–959), Polybii, Diodori Siculi, Nicolai Damasceni, Dionysii Halicar., Appiani Alexand., Dionis et Johannis Antiocheni exerpta ex col­lec­ta­neis Constantini Augusti Porphyrogenetæ, Paris : Mathurin du Puis, 1634.

Dampier, William, Nouveau Voyage autour du monde (‘A new voya­ges around the world’), 1711 (Catalogue no. 2740)

Demosthenes (Greek, 4th cen­tury BCE), Orationes : De falsa lega­tione and ora­tions against Timarcrates, Aristogeiton, and Mediam (Catalogue nos. 1858, 1859, 1860, 1860­bis ; a Frankfort edi­tion of 1604 is cited in VI.5 and XV.6)

Dio Cassius (155–235 CE), Historia romana, circa 200 CE (Catalogue nos. 2828, 2829)

Diodorus Siculus (Greek, 1st cen­tury BCE), Biblioteca his­to­rica (‘The Library of History’) (Catalogue nos. 2671, 2676, 2677, 2778). Montesquieu also refers once (II, 3) to the “Rhodoman” edi­tion, which this could be L. Rhodoman, Diodori Siculi Bibliothecae his­to­ri­cae libri XV reli­qui […], Hanover : Typis Wechelianis, 1611.

Dionysius of Halicaranassus (Greek, 1st cen­tury BCE), Antiquitates roma­nae (‘Roman anti­qui­ties’). Montesquieu appears to cite only the Wechelius edi­tion (Catalogue no.

Dubos, Jean-Baptiste (1670–1742), {Histoire cri­ti­que de l’établisement de la monar­chie fran­çaise dans les Gaules} (‘A cri­ti­cal his­tory of the esta­blish­ment of the French monar­chy in the Gauls’), 1734 ({Catalogue } no. [2930->http://mon­tes­quieu.huma-num.fr/biblio­the­que/fiche/brede/2930" class='spip_out' rel='exter­nal'2831).

Charles de Fresne du Cange (1610–1688), Glossarium mediæ et infimæ lati­ni­ta­tis (‘A glos­sary of middle and late Latin’), 1678 (edi­tion de 1710, Catalogue no. 2462)

Du Halde, Jean-Baptiste (1674–1743), Description géo­gra­phi­que, his­to­ri­que, chro­no­lo­gi­que et phy­si­que de l’empire de la Chine et de la Tartarie chi­noise (‘A geo­gra­phi­cal, his­to­ri­cal, chro­no­lo­gi­cal and phy­si­cal des­crip­tion of the Chinese empire and of Chinese Tartary’), 4 vols. 1735. The edi­tion cited by Montesquieu has not been iden­ti­fied.

Établissements de saint Louis (‘Establishments of St. Louis’), 1226–1270

Eusebius of Caesarea (Greek, 3rd–4th cen­tury CE), Præparatio evan­ge­licæ (‘Preparation for the Gospel’, Catalogue no. 331), Chronicon (‘Chronicle’)

Florus (1st–2nd cen­tury CE), Epitome rerum roma­no­rum (‘Epitome of Roman his­tory’) (Catalogue no. 2849)

Fontaines, Pierre de (13th cen­tury), Le Conseil que Pierre de Fontaines donna à son ami (‘Counsel given by Pierre de Fontaines to his friend’), first prin­ted in 1668.

Fredegar (attri­bu­tion), Chronicle of Fredegar, 7th cen­tury

Freinsheim, Johann, see Livy

Garcilaso de la Vega (1501–1536), Comentarios rea­les de los Incas’ (‘Royal com­men­ta­ries of the Incas’ ; edi­tion of 1633 : Catalogue no. 3174), 1609–1617 ; Histoire des guer­res civi­les des Espagnols dans les Indes, publi­shed in Paris in 1658 (Catalogue no. 3173).

Gregory of Tours (538–594), Historica Francorum (Catalogue no. 2955 [1610])

Hanno (cal­led the Navigator, Carthaginian, 6th –5th cen­tury BCE, Periplus (attri­bu­ted)

Herodotus (5th cen­tury BCE), Histories (Catalogue nos. 2781, 2782, 2783, 2783) ; Clio, Melpomene

Hyde, Thomas (1636–1703), Historia reli­gio­nis vete­rum Persarum (‘Religious his­tory of the ancient Persians’), 1700

Josephus, Flavius (37–c. 100 CE), Contra Apionem (‘Against Apion’) (Catalogue no. 3188)

Julius Caesar (100–44 BCE), De bello gal­lico (‘The Gallic Wars’), De bello civili (‘On Civil War’)

Justin(us), Marcus (2nd cen­tury), Epitoma his­to­ria­rum Philippicarum (‘An abrid­ge­ment of Philippic his­to­ries’)

Justinian I ( 6th cen­tury), Novellæ cons­ti­tu­tio­nes (‘New cons­ti­tu­tions’) ; Institutiones jus­ti­niani (‘Institutes of Justinian’) (Catalogue no. 710)

Kaempfer, Engelbert (German, 1651–1716), Historia impe­rii Japonici ger­ma­nice scripta ab Engelberto Kaempfero Lemgoviensi (‘A History of the Japanese empire by Engelbert Kaempfer of Lemgo’), 1727 (Catalogue no. 3213).

Labat, Jean-Baptiste (1663–1738), Nouveaux Voyages aux îles de l’Amérique (‘A new voyage to the islands of America’), 1722 (Catalogue no. 2746)

La Loubère, Simon de (1642–1729), Du royaume de Siam (‘On the king­dom of Siam’), 1691 (Catalogue no. 2747)

Laugier de Tassy, Jacques Philippe, Histoire du royaume d’Alger, 1725 (Catalogue no. 3128)

Lettres édifiantes et curieu­ses écrites des mis­sions étrangères par quel­ques mis­sion­nai­res de la Compagnie de Jésus (‘Edifying and curious let­ters writ­ten from foreign mis­sions by mis­sio­na­ries of the Society of Jesus’), 1702–1743, edi­ted by Du Halde from 1711.

Libanius (314–ca. 392) : Declamationes (Catalogue no. 1902)

Lisias (5th–4th cen­tury BCE), Against Agoratus, 395 BCE

Livy (Titus Livius), Ab urba condita (‘History of Rome’) ; Les Décades de Tite-Live, avec les Supplémens de J. Freinshemius, […] de la Traduction de P. Du Ryer, 1653 (Catalogue no. 2852).

Marculfus (7th cen­tury), Marculfi monar­chi for­mu­lae (‘The for­mu­las of Marculfus’) (Catalogue no. 967)

Montesquieu, Considérations sur les cau­ses de la gran­deur des Romains et de la déca­dence (‘Considerations on the cau­ses of the great­ness of the Romans and of their decline’, 1734 (Catalogue no. 2857)

Perry, John (1670–1732), The State of Russia under the Present Czar, 1716. Montesquieu cites a Paris edi­tion of 1717.

Philostratus, Lucius Flavius (Greek, 2nd–3rd cen­tury CE), Vitae sophis­ta­rum (‘Lives of the Sophists’) (Catalogue no. 2888)

Plato, Critias, Laws, The Republic

Pliny the elder (Roman, 23 BCE– 79 CE), Naturalis his­to­ria (‘Natural History’)

Plutarch (Greek, c. 46–120 CE), Moralia ; Parallel Lives. There are many edi­tions in the Catalogue.

Polybius (Greek, 2nd cen­tury BCE), Historiæ (at La Brède : [Les cinq pre­miers livres des Histoires de Polybe […] tra­duits par Louis Maigret-https://books.goo­gle.com/books?id=K…] [Catalogue no. 2635) ; Excerpta de vir­tu­ti­bus et vitiis (‘Extracts of vir­tues and vices’), in Constantine Porphyrogenitus antho­logy, p. 1–211 ; On Embassies (Polybii selecta De lega­tio­ni­bus, Antwerp, 1582, or Du Ryer, Les Histoires de Polybe avec les frag­ments du même auteur, conte­nant la plu­part des ambas­sa­des (Paris : Augustin Courbe, 1655).

Pomponius Mela (Roman, 1st cen­tury CE), De orbis situ (‘Description of the Earth’), 1471 (Catalogue no. 2629)

Prideaux, Humphrey (1648–1724), Histoire des juifs et des peu­ples voi­sins (‘History of the Jews and neigh­bo­ring peo­ples’), 1728 (Catalogue no. 3189) ; Life of Mahomet, 1697

Procopius (Greek, c. 500–ca. 554 CE), The Persian Wars ; The Vandalic Wars ; The Gothic Wars (Catalogue no. 2863)

Pyrard, François (French, ca. 1578–ca. 1623), Voyages, 1611

René Auguste de Renneville, Recueil des voya­ges qui ont servi à l’établissement de la Compagnie des Indes (‘Collection of tra­vels which contri­bu­ted to the esta­blish­ment of the Company of the Indies’), 1702–1706 (Catalogue no. 2755)

Richelieu, car­di­nal de (1585–1642), Testament poli­ti­que (‘Political tes­ta­ment), 1680 (edi­tion of 1688 : Catalogue no. 2430)

Salluste (Roman, 1st cen­tury BCE), Jugurtha (Catalogue no. 2872)

Scylax of Caryanda (5th cen­tury BCE, attri­bu­tion), Periplus Scylacis Caryandensis (‘The Periplus of the Erythræan Sea’)

Seneca (Roman, 1st cen­tury CE), De bene­fi­ciis (‘On bene­fits’)

Strabo (Roman, 1st cen­tury BCE/CE), Rerum geo­gra­phi­ca­rum (Catalogue no. 2646)

Suetonius (Roman, 1st–2nd cen­tury CE), Vitæ duo­de­cim cæsa­rum (‘The lives of the twelve, cae­sars’). There are many edi­tions in the Catalogue.

Tacitus (Roman, 1st–2nd cen­tury CE), Annals ; De mori­bus Germanorum (‘On the ways of the Germans’) (Catalogue no. 3109)

Tavernier, Jean-Baptiste (1605–1689) : Voyages en Turquie, en Perse, et aux Indes (‘Travels to Turkey, Persia, and India’), 1675 (edi­tion of 1713 : Catalogue, no. 2762)

Tournefort, Joseph de (1656–1708) : Relation d’un voyage du Levant (‘Relation of a voyage to the Levant’), 1717 (Catalogue no. 2764)

Ulpian(us) (Roman, d. 223 CE) : Domitii Ulpiani frag­menta (‘Remnants of Ulpian’), first publi­shed 1549

Xenophon (Greek, 4th cen­tury BCE) :The Athenium Republic (attri­bu­ted) ; Constitution of the Lacedaemonians ; Helenica ; Hiero ; Œco­no­mica ; Memorabilia ; Symposium ; On Revenues. (Catalogue no. 2805)