Montesquieu
 

XXIX.4 On laws that clash with the legislator’s intention

There are laws that the legis­la­tor has so lit­tle known that they are contrary to the very goal he had in mind. Those who esta­bli­shed among the French that when one of two clai­mants to a bene­fice dies, the bene­fice devol­ves to the sur­vi­vor, sought no doubt to put out quar­rels ; but a contrary effect results from it : we see eccle­sias­tics atta­cking and figh­ting each other to the death like English mas­tiffs.