Montesquieu

The least bit of good sense makes it clear that these bodies that are fore­ver self-per­pe­tua­ting should not sell their hol­dings for their life­time, nor bor­row for their life­time, unless we want them to become the heirs of eve­ryone who has no rela­ti­ves and of eve­ryone who does not want to have any : these folks are bet­ting against the peo­ple, but they are playing the bank against them.1

[Banque, a term used in several board games for the holdings of the master of the game, who is responsible for paying those who win. (Trévoux.)]