Montesquieu
 

XXIII.27 On the law made in France to encourage the propagation of the species

Louis XIV decreed cer­tain annui­ties for any who had ten chil­dren, and lar­ger ones for those who might have twelve.1 But it was not in order to reward pro­di­gies. To impart a cer­tain gene­ral spi­rit that can pro­mote the pro­pa­ga­tion of the spe­cies, what was nee­ded was to esta­blish, like the Romans, gene­ral recom­pen­ses or gene­ral penal­ties.

The edict of 1666 to encourage marriages.