XXI.3 That the needs of southern peoples are different from those of northern peoples

In Europe there is a sort of balan­cing bet­ween nations of the south and of the north. The for­mer have all sorts of conve­nien­ces for life, and few needs ; the lat­ter have many needs, and few of the conve­nien­ces for life. To the first nations nature has given much, and they demand but lit­tle of her ; to the others nature gives lit­tle, and they demand much of her. The equi­li­brium is main­tai­ned by the indo­lence which she has dealt to the nations of the south, and the indus­try and acti­vity which she has dealt to those of the north. These are obli­ged to work hard, else they would want for eve­ry­thing and become bar­ba­ric. That is what has natu­ra­li­zed ser­vi­tude among peo­ples of the south : as they can easily do without wealth, they can even more easily do without liberty. But the peo­ples of the north need liberty, which bet­ter ena­bles them to satisfy all the needs which nature has appor­tio­ned to them. The nor­thern peo­ples are the­re­fore in a for­ced state, unless they are either free or bar­ba­rian ; almost all of the sou­thern peo­ples are in some way in a vio­lent state, if indeed they are not sla­ves.