There is yet ano­ther draw­back to conquests made by demo­cra­cies : their govern­ment is always abhor­rent to sub­ject sta­tes. It pos­tu­res as monar­chi­cal, but in truth it is har­sher than monar­chi­cal govern­ment, as the expe­rience of all times and all coun­tries has shown.

Conquered peo­ples are in a sorry state : they enjoy nei­ther the advan­ta­ges of the repu­blic nor those of monar­chy.

What I have said about popu­lar govern­ment may be applied to aris­to­cracy.