In China, fathers are puni­shed for their chil­dren’s mis­deeds. That was the cus­tom in Peru.1 This is again taken from des­po­tic ways of thin­king.

There is no point in saying that in China the father is puni­shed for not making use of the pater­nal autho­rity which nature has ins­ti­tu­ted, and which the laws have even increa­sed. That still sup­po­ses that the Chinese know no honor. For us, fathers whose chil­dren are condem­ned to die and chil­dren whose fathers have under­gone the same fate are puni­shed as much by shame2 as they would be in China by losing their lives.

See Garcilaso, History of the Civil Wars of the Spanish.

“Instead of punishing them,” said Plato, “they should be praised for not resembling their father.” (Book IX of Laws.)